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Ten Civil and Legal Rights Every Citizen of the Nation Should Be know

This article written by Shivani Sharma, Law Student at Asian Law College Noida


Have you at any point pondered about the major laws that make living in a general public conceivable? Here is a rundown of Civil Rights that the Indian Government gives to Each & Every citizen of India.

Social equality was acquainted with keep up a general public, which thrived mentally, lived in agreement and concentrated on self-awareness.

Here is a rundown of the main 10 Civil & Legal Rights that Each & Every citizen of India should be know about them.

⇛ 1 - Right to Life.

⇛ 2 - Right to Family Life.

⇛ 3 - Right to Education.

⇛ 4 - Right to Personal Freedom.

⇛ 5 - Right to Religious Freedom.

⇛ 6 - Right to Freedom of Thought and Expression.

⇛ 7 - Right to Freedom of Movement.

⇛ 8 - Freedom of Press.

⇛ 9 - Right to Equality.

⇛ 10 - Right to Justice.

Now lets start discussing Each & Every Right in details:

1.-Right to Life:

Article 2 of the Human Rights Act protects your right to life. This means that nobody, including the Government, can try to end your life. It also means the Government should take appropriate measures to safeguard life by making laws to protect you and, in some circumstances, by taking steps to protect you if your life is at risk.

Man should live before he can do anything. The state needs to make arrangements for the prosperity and security of its Each & Every citizens. The privilege likewise infers the privilege to self-preservation and anticipation of self-destruction.

2.-Right to Family Life:

Under Article 8 of Human Rights Act protects your right to respect for your private and family life. You have the right to enjoy family relationships without interference from government. This includes the right to live with your family and, where this is not possible, the right to regular contact.

Family life’ can include the relationship between an unmarried couple, an adopted child and the adoptive parent, and a foster parent and fostered child.

Option to family life is of incredible hugeness for the continuation of humankind. One can wed the individual of his/her decision and produce kids.

3.-Right to Education:

The right to education is reflected in international law in Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Articles 13 and 14 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

"Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

Each state offers it’s to Each and Every citizen the chance to get training, as just educated individuals can take part in the working of society and government.

4.-Right to Personal Freedom:

Article 5 protects your right to liberty and security. It focuses on protecting individuals’ freedom from unreasonable detention, as opposed to protecting personal safety.

You have a right to your personal freedom. This means you must not be imprisoned or detained without good reason.

If you are arrested, the Human Rights Act provides that you have the right to:

⇛ 1 - Be told in a language you understand why you have been arrested and what charges you face.

⇛ 2 - Be taken to court promptly.

⇛ 3 - Bail (temporary release while the court process continues), subject to certain conditions.

⇛ 4 - Have a trial within a reasonable time.

⇛ 5 - Go to court to challenge your detention if you think it is unlawful, and.

⇛ 6 - Compensation if you have been unlawfully detained.

Right to Personal freedom is significant for the psychological and physical development of a person. Right to Personal freedom can be appreciated as per the laws made by the state and furthermore as per the interests of society.

5.-Right to Religious Freedom:

Articles 25 to 28 in the Constitution of India provide the right to freedom of religion. It imparts freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion. It gives freedom to manage religious affairs. It sets freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.

The State doesn't force any religion on individuals, and they are allowed to receive any religion and set up their strict organizations.

6.-Right to Freedom of Thought and Expression:

Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution of India states that, “all citizens shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression”. The philosophy behind this Article lies in the Preamble of the Constitution, where a solemn resolve is made to secure to all its citizen, liberty of thought and expression.

Right to freedom of thought & expression is likewise significant for character advancement. All individuals need the opportunity to communicate their musings and trade thoughts with others.

7.-Right to Freedom of Movement:

The freedom of movement is guaranteed by the constitution under Article - 19 and citizens can move from one state to another and anywhere within a state. A person free to move from any point to any point within the country’s territories. There are certain exceptions such as Scheduled Tribes areas and army areas.

Each resident has the option to move uninhibitedly all through the nation. Residents are likewise given the option to travel to another country. Be that as it may, certain zones can be made confined regions.

8.-Freedom of Press:

The Indian Press has a long history right from the times of British rule in the country. The British Government enacted a number of legislations to control the press, like the Indian Press Act, 1910, then in 1931-32 the Indian Press (Emergency) Act etc. During the Second World War (1939-45), the executive exercised exhaustive powers under the Defence of India Act & enforced censorship on press. At the same time the publication of all news relating to the Congress activities declared illegal.

Residents are given the option to get their perspectives imprinted in papers and periodicals. This privilege is fundamental for spreading training and data among the individuals.

The Hon’ble Supreme Court observed in Union of India v/s Association for Democratic Reforms-6, “One-sided information, disinformation, misinformation and non information, all equally create an uninformed citizenry which makes democracy a farce. Freedom of speech and expression includes right to impart and receive information which includes freedom to hold opinions”. In Indian Express Newspapers v/s Union of India, it has been held that the press plays a very significant role in the democratic machinery. The courts have duty to uphold the freedom of press and invalidate all laws and administrative actions that abridge that freedom. Freedom of press has three essential elements.

They are:

⇛ 1 - Freedom of access to all sources of information,

⇛ 2 - Freedom of publication, and

⇛ 3 - Freedom of circulation.

9.-Right to Equality:

Right to equality is one of the six fundamental rights in the Indian constitution. It includes equality before law, prohibition of discrimination on grounds of race, religion, gender, and caste or birthplace. It also includes equality of opportunity in matters of employment, abolition of untouchability and titles.

The Constitution of India grants fundamental rights to all the citizens of India, irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste or gender. Right to Equality is one of the six fundamental rights provided in the Constitution of India. Articles 14 to 18 of the Constitution of india states the provisions related to the Right to Equality. It forms the foundation of all the other rights and liberties.

⇛ 1 - Equality before law (Article 14)

⇛ 2 - Prohibition of discrimination on any grounds (Article 15)

⇛ 3 - Equality in matters of public employment (Article 16)

⇛ 4 - Abolition of untouchability (Article 17)

⇛ 5 - Abolition of Titles (Article 18)

10.-Right to Justice:

The Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court has held that access to Justice is a Fundamental Right guaranteed to citizens by Article 14 and Article 21 of the Constitution of India.




A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in Anita Khushwa v. Pushpa Sadan (judgment delivered on July 19, 2016) has not only affirmed earlier declarations that ‘access to justice’ is a fundamental right under Article 21, but has made an effort to identify the various components of access to justice. CJI TS Thakur, speaking for the Bench, declared that access to justice is not only to be found in Article 21 but also under Article 14. The CJI further identified four facets of access to justice- a) the state must provide an effective adjudicatory mechanism; b) the mechanism so provided must be reasonably accessible in terms of distance; c) the process of adjudication must be speedy; and d) the litigant’s access to the adjudicatory process must be affordable.

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10 Civil and Legal Rights Every Citizen of the Nation Should Be know